The First Generation
Praktina FX model DS

At the Trade Fair in Leipzig, in August 1953, the VEB Kamera-Werke Niedersedlitz released the Praktina FX with its definitive aspect. The camera has the mechanism to close automatically the diaphragm to the pre-selected aperture of the semi-automatic lenses and two coaxial PC connectors for bulb and electronic flash units.

The Praktina FX was the first 35mm SLR in the world to introduce:
• a mechanism, placed inside the camera body, to control the shutting of the diaphragm to the selected aperture of the semi-automatic lenses
• a single-axis non-rotating dial with shutter speed settings from 1" to 1/1000"
• the capability to use an Electric Motor or a Spring Motor
• the capability to use a 17m Magazine Back for up to 450 pictures

The Praktina, with its high technical specifications, was an outstanding camera compared to the others SLR cameras available on the market at that time such as Asahiflex, Exakta Varex, Exa, Zenith, Alpa, Rectaflex, Praktica, Pentacon, Wrayflex and Contaflex. The Praktina sports a set of innovative features that place it remarkably ahead of its time. It took seven years to see a new SLR camera, the Nikon F, with the same professional features.

Praktina FX model DS version 1 No. 20581 with Carl Zeiss Jena BV Biotar 2/58mm and eye-level finder


Manufacturer NameVEB Kamera-Werke Niedersedlitz
Factory DesignationPraktina FX
Model DesignationDS
Number producedapprox. 1,000
Model Identifiers • "Praktina FX" engraved on the front of the camera
• Two coaxial PC connectors for X and B flash sync  (1)
• Half-size camera back hooking  (2)
Versions Identifiers Version 1
Diaphragm's control for semi-automatic lenses  (3)
Version 2
The diaphragm's control for SB lenses is missing  (4)




Full specificationsSee the Praktina specifications page

Accessories shown at the Leipzig Trade Fair, August 1953

Spring Wnder
in "Die Fotografie", October 1953

Bellows Attachment
in "Die Fotografie", October 1953

6x High Magnification Waist-level Finder
in "Die Fotografie", October 1953

Electric Motor Drive
with 17m Magazine Back
in "Die Fotografie", October 1953

Electronic Flash
in "Die Fotografie", October 1953

Stereo Viewfinder
in "Die Fotografie", October 1953



Last update January 2022
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